- Peire d’Alvernhe
- (fl. 1150–1180)Peire d’Alvernhe was a well-known TROUBADOUR, a contemporary of BERNART DE VENTADORN and GUIRAUT DE BORNELH. Nineteen of his songs are extant, in addition to a TENSO, or DEBATE POEM, he wrote with Bernart. In his verse he claims that wisdom acquired through the joy of love as well as a gift of eloquence combine to make him a great poet. One of his dominant themes is the moral effect of love. As with most of the troubadours, little is known with certainty about Peire’s life.According to his VIDA, he was from central France, born in Clermont in Auvergne. Peire seems to have visited several courts in southern France and in Spain, and there is some evidence that Ramon V of Toulouse was one of his patrons. Bernart Marti, a contemporary poet, claims that Peire was a canon of the church who abandoned his vows to become a troubadour. There is no way to tell whether this claim is true, but Peire did write some of the earliest religious verse in the Provençal language, and also seems to indicate in his later poetry that he is abandoning COURTLY LOVE altogether in order to pursue the love of the Holy Spirit. Peire was strongly influenced by MARCABRU, and thus chose to write much of his verse in TROBAR CLUS, the obscure, difficult troubadour style. He was one of the first poets to actually use the term clus in regard to his poetry. But he seems to have preferred the term vers entiers (literally “whole songs”), by which, according to Linda Paterson, he means “‘songs in which the [high] level of style is faultlessly maintaine,’ and its opposite indicates works in which too high a style has been attempted, resulting in laboriousness and obscurity” (Paterson 1975, 67). That is, Peire preferred the highest possible style, but believed that lesser poets should not attempt to write such verse. Essentially his was an elitist view of a kind of poetry appreciated by the select few.Peire’s best-known poem is his famous satire on the troubadours, in which he lampoons a dozen other poets, including Bernart, Giraut (who “looks like a goatskin dried out in the sun” [l. 14]), Guillem de Ribas (whose “singing sounds like hell” [l. 34]), and RAIMBAUT D’ORANGE (whose poetry has “neither warmth nor cheer” [l. 58]). Peire ends his satire with a boast (or GAP) about his own superiority, but then undercuts the boast with a poke at his own obscure style:Peire d’Alvernhe, now he has such a voiceHe sings the high notes, and the low (and the in-between),And before all people gives himself much praise;And so he is the master of all who here convene;If only he would make his words a little clearer,For hardly a man can tell what they mean.(Goldin 1973, 175, ll. 79–84)It has been conjectured that the 12 other poets were present at this song’s first performance, and that the tone is intended as good-natured joking, as the self-mockery at the end would suggest. Peire was highly esteemed in his own day, particularly for his outstanding melodies, as his vida makes clear. But DANTE also admired him for his poetic skill and his erudition, and lauds him in De VULGARI ELOQUENTIA.Bibliography■ Goldin, Frederick, ed. and trans. Lyrics of the Troubadours and Trouvères: An Anthology and a History. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1973.■ Paterson, Linda M. Troubadours and Eloquence. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1975.
Encyclopedia of medieval literature. 2013.
Look at other dictionaries:
Peire d'Alvernhe — or d Alvernha [In French his name is Pierre d Auvergne .] ( Pèire in modern Occitan; b. c. 1130) was an Auvergnat troubadour (active 1149 ndash;1170), twenty oneGaunt and Kay, 287.] or twenty fourEgan, 72.] Aubrey, The Music of the Troubadours ,… … Wikipedia
Peire d'Alvernhe — Peire d’Alvernhe, Peire d’Alvergne ou Pierre d’Auvergne est un troubadour (né vers 1130 et décédé vers 1190). Son style est souvent ésoterique et complexe. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Œuvres 2.1 Poésie … Wikipédia en Français
Peire de Monzón — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Peire de Monzó(n) (activo en 1173), también Pere de Montsó, fue un trovador aragonés, aunque no ha sobrevivido ninguna de sus composiciones. Posiblemente su origen esté en Monzón, pero puede ser originario de Monzón… … Wikipedia Español
Peire Rogier — or Rotgiers (born c. 1145) was a twelfth century Auvergnat troubadour (fl. 1160 ndash; 1180) and cathedral canon from Clermont. He left his cathedral to become a travelling minstrel before settling down for a time in Narbonne at the court of the… … Wikipedia
Peire d’Alvergne — Peire d Alvernhe Peire d’Alvernhe, Peire d’Alvergne ou Pierre d’Auvergne est un troubadour (né vers 1130 et décédé vers 1190). Son style est souvent ésoterique et complexe. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Œuvres 2.1 Poésie … Wikipédia en Français
Peire Bremon lo Tort — (or Bremonz lo Tortz ; fl. 1177) was a troubadour from the Viennois. Though only two of his pieces (both love songs) survive, his poetry is characterised by Francoprovençalisms. According to his short vida , he was honoured by all the notable men … Wikipedia
Peire Rogier — Peire Rogier, d après un chansonnier du XIIIe siècle (BnF, manuscrit français 12473, folio 2v.) Pierre de Rougier ou Peire Rogiers, né vers 1145, décédé après 1197 près de Lodève, fils du seigneur de Rouziers, en Auvergne, est un troubadour de l… … Wikipédia en Français
Pierre d'Auvergne — Peire d Alvernhe Peire d’Alvernhe, Peire d’Alvergne ou Pierre d’Auvergne est un troubadour (né vers 1130 et décédé vers 1190). Son style est souvent ésoterique et complexe. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Œuvres 2.1 Poésie … Wikipédia en Français
Gonzalo Ruiz — or Rodríguez ( fl. 1122 ndash;1180 or 1146 ndash;1202) was the ruler of La Bureba (or Burueba) throughout much of the mid twelfth century. He held important positions at the courts of successive Castilian monarchs and guarded the frontier with… … Wikipedia
Liste De Poètes De Langue Occitane — Sommaire : Haut A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A Guilhem Adhemar (av.1195 ap.1217) Arnaut Peire d Aganges Lant … Wikipédia en Français